Pneuma (πνεῦμα) is an ancient Greek word for "breath", and in a religious context for "spirit" or "soul". In the corpse arteries are empty; hence, in the light of these preconceptions they were declared to be vessels for conveying pneuma to the different parts of the body. A generation afterwards, Erasistratus made this the basis of a new theory of diseases and their treatment. [4] A quotation from Anaximenes observes that "just as our soul (psyche), being air (aer), holds us together, so do breath (pneuma) and air (aer) encompass the whole world." HELPS Word-studies 1720 emphysáō (from 1722 /en , "in" and physaō , "breathe, blow") – properly, breathe (blow) in. At John 3:5, for example, pneuma is the Greek word translated into English as "spirit": "Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit (pneuma), he cannot enter into the kingdom of God." In classical philosophy, it is distinguishable from psyche (ψυχή), which originally meant "breath of life", but is regularly translated as "spirit" or most often "soul". It has various technical meanings for medical writers and philosophers of classical antiquity, particularly in regard to physiology, and is also used in Greek translations of ruach רוח in the Hebrew Bible, and in the Greek New Testament. 1720 ( emphysáō ) is only used in Jn 20:22 where Christ breathed into the apostles. Pneuma is necessary for life, and as in medical theory is involved with the "vital heat," but the Aristotelian pneuma is less precisely and thoroughly defined than that of the Stoics.[3]. Strong's Greek 41144 Occurrencesπλάτος — 4 Occ. It is the material that sustains consciousness in a body. 2315 theópneustos (from 2316 /theós, "God" and 4154 /pnéō, "breathe out") – properly, God-breathed, referring to the divine inspiration (inbreathing) of Scripture (used only in 2 Tim 3:16).. 2315 /theópneustos ("God-breathed"), likely a term coined by Paul, "expresses the sacred nature of the Scriptures (their divine origin) and their power to sanctify believers" (C. Spicq, 2, 193). individual personality.. 5590 (psyxē) corresponds exactly to the OT 5315 /phágō ("soul").The soul is the direct aftermath of God breathing (blowing) His gift of life into a person, making them an ensouled being. According to Diocles and Praxagoras, the psychic pneuma mediates between the heart, regarded as the seat of Mind in some physiological theories of ancient medicine, and the brain. Benso, "The Breathing of the Air," p. 14. [6], The disciples of Hippocrates explained the maintenance of vital heat to be the function of the breath within the organism. [5], In ancient Greek medicine, pneuma is the form of circulating air necessary for the systemic functioning of vital organs. ", Philo, a 1st-century Hellenistic Jewish philosopher commented on the use of Πνοή, rather than πνευμα, in the Septuagint translation of Genesis 2:7. Thayer's Greek Lexicon. Only the context however determines which sense(s) is meant. σενNAS: is as great as the width; and he measuredKJV: as the breadth: andINT: moreover the width also he measured, Revelation 21:16 N-NNSGRK: καὶ τὸ πλάτος καὶ τὸNAS: its length and width and heightKJV: and the breadth andINT: and the breadth and the. These movements derive from the soul of the parent and are embodied by the pneuma as a material substance in semen. As a force that structures matter, it exists even in inanimate objects. In this early usage, aer and pneuma are synonymous. And another word, kardia, that is translated as "heart" but which is described as the source of thoughts. [9] In its highest form, pneuma constitutes the human soul (psychê), which is a fragment of the pneuma that is the soul of God (Zeus). In Stoic philosophy, pneuma is the concept of the "breath of life," a mixture of the elements air (in motion) and fire (as warmth). Word Origin from platus Definition breadth NASB Translation breadth (1), broad plain (1), width (2). Both are from Greek verbs that mean "to breath" and "to blow.” 5590 psyxḗ (from psyxō, "to breathe, blow" which is the root of the English words "psyche," "psychology") – soul (psyche); a person's distinct identity (unique personhood), i.e. [1][2] It has various technical meanings for medical writers and philosophers of classical antiquity, particularly in regard to physiology, and is also used in Greek translations of ruach רוח in the Hebrew Bible, and in the Greek New Testament. In classical philosophy, it is distinguishable from psyche (ψυχή), which originally meant "breath of life", but is regularly translated as "spirit" or most often "soul". Like fire, this intelligent 'spirit' was imagined as a tenuous substance akin to a current of air or breath, but essentially possessing the quality of warmth; it was immanent in the universe as God, and in man as the soul and life-giving principle. In some translations such as the King James version, however, pneuma is then translated as "wind" in verse eight, followed by the rendering "Spirit": "The wind (pneuma) bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit (pneuma). Find more Greek words at wordhippo.com!

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