startxref In Europe, secularisation is held to be the outcome of the social changes brought about by urban, industrial society. The first basic element of religion is the belief that there are supernatural powers. All the religions have preached love and non-violence. These powers are believed to influence human life and control all natural phenomena. When a son dies man seeks to assuage his grief in ritualistic exchanges of condolence. While it is possible to define religion as belief in God or some super-natural powers, it is well to remember that there can also be a Godless religion as Buddhism. It is held that India is not Europe and hence secularism in India cannot mean the same thing as it does in Europe. Religion preaches submission to the existing socio-economic condition and to fate. It leaves the impression that religion may be dislodged simply by new, rational belief. It is the social institution that deals with sacred things, that lie beyond our knowledge and control. 0000004938 00000 n The first root is Leg, meaning “together, count or observe”. << Religion is a nation-building mechanism in history, even an empire-building mechanism, for example, the Holy Roman Empire, or most of Europe before Protestantism. It is said that man from the earliest times has been incurably religious. Religion goes back to the beginning of the culture itself. << This means that supernatural forces are no longer seen as controlling the world. Religion creates an … Secularisation involves reduction of religious influence on men, elimination of some aspects of it which are not beneficial to human welfare, elimination of superstitions and blind beliefs. As religion interprets misfortune and suffering in this world as manifestations of the supernatural order itself, it sanctifies the existing social structure. That is the pre-requisite for any industrial society of the modern type. There are even others who do not call them by any name. For thousands of years, religion has exerted a great influence over economic and political life. Religion has tried to prevent the scientists from discovering new facts. But he was convinced, unlike Feuerbach, that what is fundamental is not religious forms – against which Feuerbach had urged revolt-but the economic forms of existence. Through a ritual individual expresses common beliefs and sentiments. This movement is sometimes referred to as secularisation. It is the foundation on which the normative structure of society stands. Hinduism gives sanction to the caste system which regulates social relations of various classes in India. The history of the development of religion shows that as mankind moves from small isolated villages towards large, complex, urban, industrial society; the influence of religion on man and his life changes. It is deeply related with conflicts. No doubt we are moving from religiosity to secular way of life. Religion can also be viewed as a cultural phenomenon, characteristic of various human societies with their system of values and fundamental myths. It is the human response to those elements in the life and environment of mankind which are beyond their ordinary comprehension. 0000000709 00000 n Report a Violation, Religion: The Meaning and Functions of Religion, Family: The Meaning, Features, Types and Functions (5230 Words). It is the fantastic realization of the human essence because the human essence has no true reality. It is a very ancient institution. >> 16 0 obj Paircoil2 Submit sequences to Paircoil2.. View supplementary data.. Download Paircoil2.Note: The configuration file is named ".Paircoil2" and might appear hidden.

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