The founder of the Sforza dynasty was Muzio Attendolo Sforza (1369-1424). In 1499, in the course of the Italian Wars, the army of Louis XII of France took Milan from Ludovico Sforza (known as Ludovico il Moro, famous for taking Leonardo da Vinci into his service). [1] This alliance failed, as the Borgia family annulled the marriage once the Sforza family were no longer needed. Three years later Francis I of France attacked the city. Francesco I Sforza ruled Milan, having acquired the title of Duke of Milan (1450–1466) after marrying in 1441 the natural daughter and only heir of the last Duke of Milan, Filippo Maria Visconti, Bianca Maria (1425–1468), making the Sforzas the heirs of the house of Visconti. Francesco remained the ruler of Milan until his death in 1535 and as he was childless the Duchy reverted to the Emperor, who passed it to his son Philip II in 1540, thus beginning the period of Spanish rule in Milan. In foreign policy, however, he followed an indecisive course that ended in Milan’s virtual isolation. Members of this family also held important ecclesiastical and political positions in the Papal States, and moved to Rome in 1674, taking the name of Sforza Cesarini. The founder of the dynasty, Muzio Attendolo, changed his family name to Sforza, meaning “force.” The Attendoli were prosperous farmers of the region called Romagna in north-central Italy (near Ravenna). After Ludovico was driven from power by Louis XII of France in 1499, his sons Massimiliano (1493–1530) and Francesco Maria (1495–1535) took refuge in Germany. What tactics work (for you!). Premium Membership is now 50% off! Learn the basics of home defense for you and your family. The answer is really very simple. The Sforza held Pesaro until 1512, after the death of Costanzo II Sforza. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. He was a patron of musicians, artists, poets, and scholars, and himself wrote treatises on hunting. It reverted to the Papal States in 1631.…. Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. In 1493, Lucrezia married Giovanni Sforza – it was a marriage of politics, Pope Alexander VI believed that having the Sforza’s as his allies would help him in his political endeavours and it was a way of thanking the Sforza family for their help in … New York had the highest population of Sforza … His successor, the cruel and lustful Galeazzo Maria Sforza (1466–76), was assassinated…, …on the power of the Sforza family and the introduction of the silk industry. In 1920 there were 13 Sforza families living in New York. Several other branches of the Sforza family survived, the descendants of Sforza Secondo (an illegitimate son of Francesco Sforza) becoming the counts Sforza, one of whom was the anti-Fascist statesman and foreign minister of Italy, Carlo Sforza (1873–1952). Riaro was harsh and immoral, but Sforza’s family considered him a proper match because of his good qualities, like the fact that his uncle was the Pope … Sforza Family, Italian family, first named Attendoli, that produced two famous soldiers of fortune and founded a dynasty that ruled Milan for almost a century. The Attendoli were prosperous farmers of the Romagna (near Ravenna) who first assumed the name Sforza (“Force”) with the founder of the dynasty, the condottiere Muzio Attendolo (1369–1424). The Sforza became allied with the Borgia family through the arranged marriage (1493–1497) between Lucrezia Borgia and Giovanni (the illegitimate son of Costanzo I of Pesaro). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Sforza was barely 10 years old when she got betrothed to Girolamo Riario, who was 29 at the time. • Muzio Sforza with mistress Lucia da Torsano had 7 illegitimate sons You have full information here Casa de Borja (in Spanish, but much more detailed and updated) - or here, House of Borgia. This was about 46% of all the recorded Sforza's in the USA. Ellen Lloyd - - Murder, greed, lust for power, political intrigue, scandals, incest, and corruption are the reasons why the House of Borgia easily became the most infamous family of Renaissance Italy. Sforza was barely 10 years old when she got betrothed to Girolamo Riario, who was … Document in which Francesco Sforza, duke of Milan, granted commercial rights to Giovanni Merlo and his descendants, September 7, 1452; it allowed them to buy and sell goods in Milan. Galeazzo Maria was assassinated during Christmas festivities by three conspirators who vainly hoped to set the stage for a popular insurrection. The Milanese and their Swiss allies were defeated by French and Venetian troops at Marignano, southeast of Milan, and Massimiliano yielded the duchy to Francis, retiring to Paris to live on a pension. …duchy of Milan, meanwhile, the Sforza family sought to maintain its newly acquired power. Francesco’s death without heirs ended the ducal male line, and the duchy passed to Charles V and the Habsburgs. 4. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. $50 fee per retired officer in good standing. Welcome to the 2nd Sforza Family Thread "I would save my arms for battles I can win." Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Visconti Family, Milanese family that dominated the history of northern Italy in the 14th and 15th centuries.. The family also held the seigniory of Pesaro, starting with Muzio Attendolo's second son, Alessandro (1409–1473). Yes, there are. The son of a peasant family, he became a successful condottiere, a professional soldier for hire.In the course of his career, he fought for many employers, including the Visconti family, who ruled the city of Milan. The Marquisate of Caravaggio was created by Massimiliano during his reign of the Duchy of Milan. But the murder left Milan to the uncertainties of the regency of his widow, Bona of Savoy, who ruled with the aid of an unpopular chancellor, Cicco Simonetta, and to the brief, troubled reign of Galeazzo’s son Gian Galeazzo (1469–94), whose power was soon usurped by his uncle Ludovico the Moor. Sforza Family, Italian family, first named Attendoli, that produced two famous soldiers of fortune and founded a dynasty that ruled Milan for almost a century. In 1513, backed by the Swiss, Massimiliano returned to Milan. Francesco Sforza was born in San Miniato, Tuscany, one of the seven illegitimate sons of the condottiero Muzio Sforza and Lucia da Torsano. In 1418, he married Polissena Ruffo, a Calabrese noblewoman. Now married to the Sforza’s This opens up new doorsas They world bows down before us The Borgia/Sforza family [RODRIGO BORGIA] Yes, and while we’re at it we will marry son Gioffre How to properly store, conceal and have access to your tools. > > Remember that the Borgias were from Valencia (Spain), the name being a toponymic from Borja, Zaragoza. After Imperial German troops drove out the French, Maximilian Sforza, son of Ludovico, became Duke of Milan (1512–1515) until the French returned under Francis I of France and imprisoned him. The family was originally named Attendolo. Muzio Attendolo Sforza (1369–1424) was a condotierre, or soldier of fortune. Omissions? Muzio's third son, Bosio (1411–1476), founded the branch of Santa Fiora, who held the title of count of Cotignola; the Sforza ruled the small county of Santa Fiora in southern Tuscany until 1624. Francesco’s eldest son, Galeazzo Maria Sforza (1444–76), succeeded his father in 1466. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Corrections? Muzio’s illegitimate son Francesco Sforza, also a condottiere, became duke of Milan in 1450 through his marriage to the daughter of Duke Filippo Maria Visconti. Originating in the minor nobility, the family probably obtained the hereditary office of viscount of Milan early in the 11th century, transforming the title into a surname. Updates? In 1521 Charles V drove out the French and restored the younger son of Ludovico, Francesco II Sforza to the duchy. ... MASS LEOSA class forming now! First Marriage. [3], Noble family of the Italian Renaissance, dukes of Milan,, "The Real Life Characters of Assassin's Creed",, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, House of Sforza-Cotignola (extinct in 1624), The house is mentioned in a song about the Borgia family in the British edutainment TV show, There are notable members from the family in the Television Series, This page was last edited on 3 October 2020, at 08:49.


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