* Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Capsicum Chinense Jacq. There are many named varieties[ 301 ]. It is a self-pollinated species; however, the occurrence of high cross pollination leads to the formation of variants within Naga King Chili. C. chinense is native to Central America, the Yucatan region, and the Caribbean islands. The flowers, as with most Capsicum species, are small and white with five petals. C. chinense varieties are well known for their unique flavors and many have exceptional heat. Capsicum chinense Jacq. However, it will readily germinate from the previous year's seed in the following growing season. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Vindob. The leaves are compound with each leaf composed of 3 leaflets. Requires a very warm sunny position and a humus-rich, fertile, well-drained loam[ 300 ]. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Capsicum (family Solanaceae). Right plant wrong place. When grown as an annual, the plant takes 120 - 150 days from sowing to first harvest of the fruit[ 418 ]. [13] Domestication might have taken place 10,000 to 12,000 years ago in Central–East Mexico.[14]. We will not sell or share your email address. The term Habanero, meaning from Habana (Havana, Cuba), comes from the fact that several peppers of this species were exported out from this port in its native range. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. Papryka, syn. * Important announcements and news Related Links. pochodzący z Hawany), roś… Dataset GBIF Backbone Taxonomy Rank SPECIES Published in Hort. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Capsicum chinense (synoniem: Capsicum sinense) is de botanische naam van een plantensoort uit de nachtschadefamilie (Solanaceae). hiszp. Bot. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed. For the Chinese chili, see, Domestication, cultivation and agriculture, https://www.latimes.com/food/dailydish/la-dd-worlds-hottest-pepper-scoville-heat-units-20131226-story.html, http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/news/2013/11/confirmed-smokin-eds-carolina-reaper-sets-new-record-for-hottest-chilli-53033, "Capsicums: Innovative uses of an ancient crop", "Chili Peppers First Cultivated in Mexico", "Habanero Hot Sauce – Cure for Common Cuisine", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Capsicum_chinense&oldid=976631993, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Bhut jolokia cultivar 'Dorset' Naga pepper, This page was last edited on 4 September 2020, at 02:38. ex Fingerh. It cannot grow in the shade. [9] Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin (1727–1817), a Dutch botanist, erroneously named the species in 1776, because he believed they originated in China due to their prevalence in Chinese cuisine after their introduction by European explorers.[10]. Herb or arbustos, ramificados, hasta 2.5 m de alto. While wild C. chinense forms may be found in eastern lowland of South America, bhut jolokia is grown in the northeastern states of India.Evidences show that bhut jolokia has interspecific origin with introgression of genes of C. frutecens into C. chinense a natural hybridisation. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 20 - 26°c, but can tolerate 15 - 32°c[ 418 ].

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